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mma kampf deutschland

KSHI – die Körperschmiede in Hildesheim. 02 Februar GMC Bei Mix-Fight-Galas treten verschiedene Kampfstile an, zum die erste reine MMA-Veranstaltung in Deutschland, gefolgt von. Die UFC hat für drei weitere Events in Europa bekanntgegeben – Deutschland ist bekanntlich nicht dabei! Dafür kehrt die Ultimate Fighting Championship.

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This can occur when a fighter is choked unconscious, or when a bone has been broken in a submission hold a broken arm due to a kimura, etc.

The ring doctor will inspect the fighter and stop the match if the fighter is deemed unable to continue safely, rendering the opponent the winner.

However, if the match is stopped as a result of an injury from illegal actions by the opponent, either a disqualification or no contest will be issued instead.

This is normally done when a fighter is being beaten to the point where it is dangerous and unnecessary to continue. In some cases, the fighter may be injured.

Usually occurs between rounds. The judging criteria are organization-specific. Three warnings will result in a disqualification. Moreover, if a fighter is unable to continue due to a deliberate illegal technique from his opponent, the opponent will be disqualified.

A result can also be overturned to a no contest if the fighter that was originally victorious fails a post fight drug test for banned substances.

In a three-round fight, two rounds must be completed for a technical decision to be awarded and in a five-round fight, three rounds must be completed.

MMA fighters are ranked according to their performance and outcome of their fights and level of competition they faced. The most popular and used, ranking portals are:.

Mixed martial arts promotions typically require that male fighters wear shorts in addition to being barechested , thus precluding the use of gi or fighting kimono to inhibit or assist submission holds.

Male fighters are required by most athletic commissions to wear groin protectors underneath their trunks. Both male and female fighters are required to wear a mouthguard.

The need for flexibility in the legs combined with durability prompted the creation of various fighting shorts brands, which then spawned a range of mixed martial arts clothing and casual wear available to the public.

The fenced area can be round or have at least six sides. Popular disciplines of each type include: Most styles have been adapted from their traditional forms, such as boxing stances, which lack effective counters to leg kicks, the Muay Thai stance, which is poor for defending against takedowns due to its static nature, and Judo or Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu techniques, which must be adapted for No Gi competition.

It is common for a fighter to train with multiple coaches of different styles or an organized fight team to improve various aspects of their game at once.

Some schools advertise their styles as simply "mixed martial arts", which has become a style in itself, but the training will still often be split into different sections.

While mixed martial arts was initially practiced almost exclusively by competitive fighters, this is no longer the case. As the sport has become more mainstream and more widely taught, it has become accessible to wider range of practitioners of all ages.

Proponents of this sort of training argue that it is safe for anyone, of any age, with varying levels of competitiveness and fitness. Boxing is a combat form that is widely used in MMA and is one of the primary striking bases for many fighters.

Muay Thai or Thai boxing and kickboxing , along with boxing, are recognised as a foundation for striking in mixed martial arts, and are both widely practiced and taught.

Although both may seem identical, each has different techniques. Muay Thai originated in Thailand , and is known as the "art of eight limbs", which refers to the use of the legs, knees, elbows and fists.

Techniques cover the long, middle and short range with everything from kicks to clinch holds and throws. The modern style originated in Japan and is developed from Karate and Muay Thai.

Different governing bodies apply different rules, such as allowing the use of elbows, knees, clinching or throws, etc.

Brazilian jiu-jitsu BJJ came to international prominence in the martial arts community in the early s, when BJJ expert Royce Gracie won the first , second and fourth Ultimate Fighting Championships, which at the time were single-elimination martial arts tournaments.

Royce often fought against much larger opponents who practiced other styles, including boxing , wrestling , shoot-fighting , karate and taekwondo.

It has since become a staple art and key component for many MMA fighters. BJJ and jujutsu are largely credited for bringing widespread attention to the importance of ground fighting.

BJJ is primarily a ground-based fighting style that emphasizes joint locks and chokeholds , whereas jujutsu is a method of close combat that utilizes different forms of grappling techniques such as throws , holds and joint locks.

As jujutsu may also involve the use of a short weapon, it cannot be used to its full potential in mixed martial arts.

Wrestling including freestyle , Greco-Roman , and American folkstyle gained tremendous respect due to its effectiveness in mixed martial arts competitions.

It is widely studied by mixed martial artists and credited for conferring an emphasis on conditioning for explosive movement and stamina, both of which are critical in competitive mixed martial arts.

It is known for excellent takedowns, particularly against the legs. The term no holds barred was used originally to describe the wrestling method prevalent in catch wrestling tournaments during the late 19th century wherein no wrestling holds were banned from the competition, regardless of how dangerous they might be.

The term was applied to mixed martial arts matches, especially at the advent of the Ultimate Fighting Championship. Karate , especially Kyokushin and other full contact styles, has proven to be effective in the sport as it is one of the core foundations of kickboxing, and specializes in striking techniques.

Several accomplished MMA fighters have an extensive background in taekwondo. In his instructional book, Anderson Silva admitted the influence of taekwondo in the formation of his unique style.

In each of my fights, I tried to utilize techniques from all the various styles I had studied. I threw taekwondo kicks.

I threw Muay Thai knees and elbows, and I used my knowledge of Brazilian jiu-jitsu on the ground. Capoeira has been incorporated into MMA in more recent years and is often used as an addition to Brazilian jiu-jitsu; both originate from Brazil.

Several fighters use this martial art when fighting, although not fully, as music and dancing are major components of the discipline.

It is known for its quick and complex manoeuvres, which use power, speed, and leverage across a wide variety of kicks, spins and techniques.

Sambo is a Russian martial art, combat sport and self-defense system. Sambo focuses on throwing, takedowns, grappling, and includes submissions from Judo and Catch Wrestling.

Sambo also has a modality known as Combat Sambo , which adds punches, kicks, elbows and knees, making it a proto-MMA hybrid fighting style.

Sambo is popular in Russia and eastern Europe, where it is taught as a complement to Judo and Wrestling training, Sambo also provides a good base for MMA with all-around skills for combining grappling and striking.

Some notable Sambo fighters that transitioned into MMA include: They can be highly effective in competition due to their mixture of striking and takedowns, achieved through a condensation of traditional Chinese martial arts techniques.

The techniques utilized in mixed martial arts competition generally fall into two categories: Sprawl-and-Brawl is a stand-up fighting tactic that consists of effective stand-up striking, while avoiding ground fighting , typically by using sprawls to defend against takedowns.

This is a form which is heavily practiced in the amateur leagues. These fighters will often study submission wrestling to avoid being forced into submission should they find themselves on the ground.

This style can be deceptively different from traditional kickboxing styles, since sprawl-and-brawlers must adapt their techniques to incorporate takedown and ground fighting defense.

Ground-and-pound is a strategy consisting of taking an opponent to the ground using a takedown or throw, obtaining a top, or dominant grappling position , and then striking the opponent, primarily with fists, hammerfists , and elbows.

Ground-and-pound is also used as a precursor to attempting submission holds. The style is used by fighters well-versed in submission defense and skilled at takedowns.

They take the fight to the ground, maintain a grappling position, and strike until their opponent submits or is knocked out. Although not a traditional style of striking, the effectiveness and reliability of ground-and-pound has made it a popular tactic.

While most fighters use ground-and-pound statically, by way of holding their opponents down and mauling them with short strikes from the top position, a few fighters manage to utilize it dynamically by striking their opponents while changing positions, thus not allowing their opponents to settle once they take them down.

Cain Velasquez is one of the most devastating ground strikers in MMA and is known for continuing to strike his opponents on the ground while transitioning between positions.

He was striking his opponents on the ground while passing guard , or while his opponents were attempting to recover guard. In the year , MMA play-by-play commentator Stephen Quadros coined the popular phrase lay and pray.

This refers to a situation where a wrestler or grappler keeps another fighter pinned or controlled on the mat to avoid a stand up, yet exhibits little urgency to finish the grounded opponent with a knockout or a submission for the majority or entirety of the fight.

This style is considered by many fans as the most boring style of fighting and is highly criticized for intentionally creating non-action, yet it is effective.

Submission-Seeking is a reference to the strategy of taking an opponent to the ground using a takedown or throw and then applying a submission hold , forcing the opponent to submit.

While grapplers will often work to attain dominant position, some may be more comfortable fighting from other positions.

If a grappler finds themselves unable to force a takedown, they may resort to pulling guard , whereby they physically pull their opponent into a dominant position on the ground.

Submissions are an essential part of many disciplines, most notably Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu , catch wrestling , judo , Sambo , and shootwrestling.

Modern proponents of the submission-seeking style, such as Demian Maia and Ronaldo Souza , tend to come from a Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu background.

Especially used by fighters with strong wrestling background when facing a highly skilled grappler, or by wrestlers who prefer stand-up fights. Usually fighters who adopt this strategy use takedowns only for scoring , allowing the adversary to stand up and continue the fight.

They also want to land clear strikes and control the octagon. In order to win the fight by decision all score oriented fighters have to have strong defensive techniques and avoid takedowns.

Clinch-Fighting is a tactic consisting of using a clinch hold to prevent the opponent from moving away into more distant striking range, while also attempting takedowns and striking the opponent using knees , stomps , elbows , and punches.

The clinch is often utilized by wrestlers and Judokas that have added components of the striking game typically boxing , and Muay Thai fighters.

Wrestlers and Judoka may use clinch fighting as a way to neutralize the superior striking skills of a stand-up fighter or to prevent takedowns by a superior ground fighter.

Ronda Rousey , with her Judo background, is considered a master at initiating throws from the clinch to set up armbars. The clinch or "plum" of a Muay Thai fighter is often used to improve the accuracy of knees and elbows by physically controlling the position of the opponent.

Anderson Silva is well known for his devastating Muay Thai clinch. In their rematch Silva repeated this and won again. Randy Couture used his Greco Roman wrestling background to popularize this style en route to six title reigns in the Ultimate Fighting Championship.

In general, fighters who cannot win fights through lightning offense, or are more suited to win fights in the later rounds or via decision are commonly known as grinders.

Prominent examples of grinders are Pat Healy , [] and Chael Sonnen. While mixed martial arts is primarily a male dominated sport, it does have female athletes.

In Japan, female competition has been documented since the mids. Influenced by female professional wrestling and kickboxing , the Smackgirl competition was formed in and became the only major all-female promotion in mixed martial arts.

Aside from all-female organizations, most major Japanese male dominated promotions have held select female competitions.

In the United States, prior to the success of The Ultimate Fighter reality show that launched mixed martial arts into the mainstream media, [ citation needed ] there was no major coverage of female competitions.

Outside Japan and the United States , female competition is almost exclusively found in minor local promotions. The case became a centerpiece of debates concerning whether it was fair to have a transgender woman compete against cisgender women in a contact sport.

Amateur Mixed Martial Arts is the amateur version of the Mixed Martial Arts in which participants engage largely or entirely without remuneration.

Mixed Martial Arts competitions have changed dramatically since the first Ultimate Fighting Championship in , specifically with the inception of the Unified Rules of Mixed Martial Arts.

A recent systematic review concluded that the injury incidence rate in MMA appears to be greater than in most, if not all, other popular and commonly practiced combat sports.

In a recent meta-analysis of the available injury data in MMA, the injury incidence rate was estimated to be In general, the injury pattern in MMA is very similar to that in professional boxing but unlike that found in other combat sports such as judo and taekwondo.

In preliminary results reported in April as part of an ongoing study of a professional boxers and MMA fighters being conducted by Dr.

Bernick speculates that the cumulative damage over time from lesser blows may eventually prove an even more important topic of study than that of infrequent concussions.

There have been seven known deaths in MMA to date. Since , there have been six fatalities in mixed martial arts matches.

The first was the death of Sam Vasquez on November 30, The second death stemming from a sanctioned mixed martial arts contest occurred in South Carolina on June 28, , when year-old Michael Kirkham was knocked out and never regained consciousness.

He was pronounced dead two days after the fight. No evidence of brain trauma or concussion was found, however, and the initial autopsy has proved inconclusive.

Coroner Rae Wooten explained that his death may likely have been from an irregular heartbeat caused by over exertion; however whether or not his death was a direct result of his fight remains a mystery.

He was unable to make a recovery, and after one week in the hospital he was pronounced dead. The Portuguese fighter was beaten by TKO, and fell ill twenty minutes after the fight.

He was taken immediately to Beaumont hospital, where he underwent emergency brain surgery, but passed away two days later. On July 15, after a TKO loss resulting from unanswered punches in the second round of his fight, 37 year old Donshay White became unresponsive and collapsed in his locker room and was rushed to the KentuckyOne Health Sts.

MMA in Australia is permitted in all States and Territories of Australia by various combat sports authorities and organizations.

There is debate about the use of the cage, which was banned in Victoria in [] and then relegalized in MMA is legal in Bahrain.

MMA is tolerated in Belgium but not supported. Active in developing MMA in Belgium from , the group later redefined their activities to include MMA in order to be able to use a cage.

Registered as a federation in Belgium in , the former Belgian Shooto and MMA Federation organized more than MMA bouts Amateur, B class and A class , and built a structure for the sport nationally that included insurance, rules and regulation, and experience levels for fighters and technical seminars.

Appearing on professional basis around —, MMA is a new sport in Bulgaria and growing rapidly. With a strong wrestling and boxing culture in the region, general interest in the sport is huge.

However, it remains unregulated. Television channel MYTV holds its KWC promotion under the sanctioning of the Cambodian Boxing Federation, responsible for sanctioning all boxing and Kun Khmer events in the country, in direct contrast to the situation in neighbouring Thailand.

For many years, professional MMA competitions were illegal in Canada. Section 83 2 of the Canadian Criminal Code deemed that only boxing matches where only fists are used are considered legal.

The bill formally gives provinces the power to create athletic commissions to regulate and sanction professional mixed martial arts bouts.

In Denmark, Mixed Martial Arts may be practiced but is not an official or legally regulated sport. The Federation was publicly launched on Friday November 24, inviting Danish MMA organizations, gyms and academies to sign up as members.

The CNMMA had worked over four years to put an educational structure in place, including a technical system for the safe progression from grass-roots level, all the way up to the top professional level.

The All India Mixed Martial Arts Association is the only MMA Association to have been operating for more than fourteen years in the country, and has organized and promoted many notable events.

MMA competition has been legal in Japan since at least the mids, when Pancrase fights began to be held. The federation comprises representatives of ten states out of fourteen in Malaysia.

In Norway, sports that involve knockouts as a means of securing victory or points are illegal, including MMA and boxing. This is in line with government requirements for all sport federations in Portugal which stipulates that they consist of at least three associated, non-profit groups.

Based in Bucharest, Romania AGON club was founded in its present legal form in June , following a long period of time of acting under different other organisations, with Gheorghe Stanciu elected as its president.

Many major international MMA fights are held at stadiums in Taiwan every year. Additionally, many martial arts schools and gyms in Taiwan provide professional level MMA training.

In , the Sports Authority of Thailand banned competitions. DARE continue to showcase events, informing fans only at the last minute through texts on the day of the event, and presenting the videos on YouTube as The Most Dangerous Gameshow.

Dare Fight Sports is currently the only MMA organization in Thailand to be officially sanctioned and publicized by the tourism authority of Thailand , although there are new MMA organizations appearing around the country.

Montana has a state athletic commission, although it does not regulate MMA. However, MMA is legal in both states.

West Virginia became the 44th state to regulate mixed martial arts on March 24, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For the fighting styles that combine arts, see hybrid martial arts. For the mixed martial arts promotion, see Ultimate Fighting Championship.

For other uses, see NHB disambiguation. For other uses, see MMA disambiguation. List of professional MMA training camps. Mixed martial arts rules.

Muay Thai and Kickboxing. International Mixed Martial Arts Federation. Fatalities in mixed martial arts contests.

Mixed martial arts in Australia. Mixed martial arts in Brazil. Mixed martial arts in Japan. Mixed martial arts in the United States. MMA portal Martial arts portal.

Retrieved June 22, Archived from the original on 3 February Mixed Martial Arts News. May 23, The Martial Chronicles: Archived from the original on Archived from the original on May 22, An Encyclopedia of History and Innovation , California: Ultimate Martial Arts Encyclopedia.

The olympic movement on its way into Chinese culture. University of California, Santa Barbara. In both ancient China and Greece, the most popular sports were probably wrestling, boxing, and combinations thereof Greek pankration, Chinese leitai.

The same might be argued for ancient Egypt, India and Japan. Martial Arts of the World [2 volumes]: An Encyclopedia of History and Innovation. A Pictorial History of Wrestling.

Spring Books; 1 edition. Barton-Wright — and the Eclectic Art of Bartitsu". Journal of Manly Arts. Journal of Combative Sport.

An Introductory History of Korean Boxing, —". Dana White and the future of UFC. See Wikiquotes for the text. The Wing Chun double knife training: Retrieved 7 July Muhammad Ali v Antonio Inoki".

Retrieved September 4, The international development of mixed martial arts". International Review for the Sociology of Sport.

Archived from the original on January 14, Retrieved June 18, Fox Sports , MSN. Archived from the original on April 6, Literally creating a sport that could be as big around the world as soccer.

Thomas September 18, Retrieved — via HighBeam Research. Archived from the original on April 3, Retrieved 27 May Retrieved 1 June Retrieved 2 June Promotion of the Year — Absolute Championship Berkut".

Dana White Video Blog 1. Submission of the Week: Jorge Masvidal vs Michael Chiesa. Court McGee vs Ryan Jensen. Joe Lauzon vs Melvin Guillard.

Ronda Rousey vs Cat Zingano. Michelle Waterson vs Angela Magana. Anthony Pettis vs Gilbert Melendez. Frankie Edgar vs Cub Swanson. Kelvin Gastelum vs Jake Ellenberger.

Brad Pickett vs Damacio Page. Alexander Gustafsson vs James Te Huna. Louis Smolka vs Paddy Holohan. Renan Barao vs Michael McDonald.

Evan Dunham vs Efrain Escudero.

Ich kenne keinen Sport, der das erlaubt. Der Kommentar eines Users wird livestraem, wenn: Selbst aus der Rückenlage heraus kann man den Gegner noch besiegen. Ansichten Lesen Schalke 4 minuten meister Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Auch Techniken aus anderen Bundesliga live gucken kostenlos werden benutzt. Ihr Kommentar wird durch den Moderator auf die Einhaltung der Regeln überprüft werden. Es wird mit dünnen, an den Fingern offenen Handschuhen gekämpft.

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Er nannte diese Kampfsportart Shooto. Der Boxer oder der Ringer? Bilder Infografiken Videos Karikatur. Mixed Martial Arts Engl. Dabei blutet Dwyer die Nase. Sie können Push-Benachrichtigungen von Sputnik abonnieren. Es wird mit dünnen, an den Fingern offenen Handschuhen gekämpft. Da Sie uns bereits Ihre persönlichen Daten mitgeteilt haben, als Sie Ihren persönlichen Account erstellt haben, bitte prüfen Sie das Feld darunter, um diesen weiter zu nutzen: Boxen war ein sehr populärer Sport bei den Olympischen Spielen, und es kam sehr schnell die Frage auf: Charakteristisch ist, dass der Kampf sich sowohl im Stehen als auch auf dem Boden abspielt. Die ersten olympischen Sportler waren keine Amateure, sie waren professionelle Kämpfer. Andere Quellen geben an, dass die Ägypter schon vor Christus Pankration ausübten. Geben Sie den Code aus dem Bild ein. Weitere Informationen erhalten Sie in unserer Datenschutzerklärung. Die Angleichung des Regelwerkes an die Unified rules of MMA , die weltweit genutzt werden, begann als Vorschlag für den lokalen Staatsanwalt von New Jersey, initiiert durch einen angenommenen Vorschlag einer Selbstregulierung durch interessierte Vereine und Firmen. Shooto ist unterteilt in drei Klassen:. Ich kenne keinen Sport, der das erlaubt. Auf allen Sprachversionen der Webseite sputniknews. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am

The company held an event with almost no rules, mostly due the influence of Art Davie and Rorion Gracie attempting to replicate Vale Tudo fights that existed in Brazil, [4] and would later implement a different set of rules example: Originally promoted as a competition to find the most effective martial arts for real unarmed combat, competitors from different fighting styles were pitted against one another in contests with relatively few rules.

In Ancient Greece , there was a sport called pankration , which featured a combination of grappling and striking skills similar to those found in modern MMA.

Pankration was formed by a combination of the already established wrestling and boxing traditions and, in Olympic terms, first featured in the 33rd Olympiad in BC.

All strikes and holds were allowed with the exception of biting and gouging, which were banned. The fighters, called pankratiasts, fought until someone could not continue or signaled submission by raising their index finger; there were no rounds.

In Ancient China , combat sport appeared in the form of Leitai , a no-holds-barred mixed combat sport that combined Chinese martial arts , boxing and wrestling.

There is evidence of similar mixed combat sports in Ancient Egypt , India and Japan. The midth century saw the prominence of the new sport savate in the combat sports circle.

French savate fighters wanted to test their techniques against the traditional combat styles of its time. In , a contest was held in France between French savateurs and English bare-knuckle boxers in which French fighter Rambaud alias la Resistance fought English fighter Dickinson and won using his kicks.

However, the English team still won the four other match-ups during the contest. Examples include a fight between French savateur George Dubois and a judo practitioner Re-nierand which resulted in the latter winning by submission, as well as the highly publicized fight between French savateur and professional boxer Jacques Cayron and a young Japanese karateka named Mochizuki Hiroo which ended when Cayron knocked Hiroo out with a hook.

No-holds-barred fighting reportedly took place in the late s when wrestlers representing style of Catch wrestling and many others met in tournaments and music-hall challenge matches throughout Europe.

In the USA, the first major encounter between a boxer and a wrestler in modern times took place in when John L. Sullivan , then heavyweight world boxing champion, entered the ring with his trainer, wrestling champion William Muldoon , and was slammed to the mat in two minutes.

The next publicized encounter occurred in the late s when future heavyweight boxing champion Bob Fitzsimmons took on European wrestling champion Ernest Roeber.

Another early example of mixed martial arts was Bartitsu , which Edward William Barton-Wright founded in London in Combining catch wrestling , judo , boxing , savate , jujutsu and canne de combat French stick fighting , Bartitsu was the first martial art known to have combined Asian and European fighting styles, [18] and which saw MMA-style contests throughout England, pitting European Catch wrestlers and Japanese Judoka champions against representatives of various European wrestling styles.

The history of modern MMA competition can be traced to mixed style contests throughout Europe, Japan, and the Pacific Rim during the early s.

Merikan contests were fought under a variety of rules, including points decision, best of three throws or knockdowns, and victory via knockout or submission.

Sambo , a martial art and combat sport developed in Russia in the early s, merged various forms of combat styles such as wrestling, judo and striking into one unique martial art.

In , a high-profile mixed martial arts bout was Masahiko Kimura vs. Kimura defeated Gracie using a gyaku-ude-garami armlock, which later became known as the "Kimura" in Brazilian jiu jitsu.

Lebell won by Harai Goshi to rear naked choke, leaving Savage unconscious. This was the first televised bout of mixed-style fighting in North America.

The hometown crowd was so enraged that they began to boo and throw chairs at Lebell. In February 12, , three karatekas from Oyama dojo kyokushin later went to the Lumpinee Boxing Stadium in Thailand and fought against three Muay Thai fighters.

Tadashi Nakamura and Akio Fujihira both knocked out their opponents with punches while Kenji Kurosaki, who fought the Thai, was knocked out by elbows.

It should be noted that the Japanese fighter who lost, Kenji Kurosaki, was a kyokushin instructor, rather than a contender, and that he had stood in as a substitute for the absent chosen fighter.

Sawamura was knocked down sixteen times on his way to defeat. During the late s to early s, the concept of combining the elements of multiple martial arts was popularized in the West by Bruce Lee via his system of Jeet Kune Do.

Lee believed that "the best fighter is not a Boxer, Karate or Judo man. You take a little something from everything. You take the good things from every different discipline, use what works, and you throw the rest away".

A contemporary of Bruce Lee, Wing Chun practitioner Wong Shun Leung , gained prominence fighting in illegal beimo fights against other Chinese martial artists of various styles.

Wong also fought and won against Western fighters of other combat styles, such as his match against a Russian boxer named Giko, [28] his televised fight against a fencer , [29] and his well-documented fight against Taiwanese Kung-Fu master Wu Ming Jeet.

Antonio Inoki took place in Japan in Muhammad Ali sustained a substantial amount of damage to his legs, as Antonio Inoki slide-kicked him continuously for the duration of the bout, causing him to be hospitalized for the next three days.

Pride was acquired by its rival Ultimate Fighting Championship in The bout had mixed rules: Hadley won the fight via knockout on the first round.

This match was the first popular fight which showcased the power of such low kicks to a predominantly Western audience. The movement that led to the creation of the Brazilian mixed martial arts scenes was rooted in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.

The vale tudo events in Brazil. The "Gracie Challenges" were held in the garages and gyms of the Gracie family members. When the popularity grew, these types of mixed bouts were a staple attraction at the carnivals in Brazil.

During that year the company renamed the brand to Super Fighters and sanctioned ten regulated tournaments in Pennsylvania.

In , Pennsylvania State Senate passed a bill that specifically called for: Japan had its own form of mixed martial arts discipline, Shooto , which evolved from shoot wrestling in , as well as the shoot wrestling derivative Pancrase , which was founded as a promotion in The first Vale Tudo Japan tournaments were held in and and were both won by Rickson Gracie.

Interest in mixed martial arts as a sport resulted in the creation of the Pride Fighting Championships Pride in , where again Rickson participated and won.

The sport reached a new peak of popularity in North America in December The first documented use of the name mixed martial arts was in a review of UFC 1 by television critic Howard Rosenberg , in The rules used were an adaptation of the kickboxing rules already accepted by most state athletic commissions.

These modified kickboxing rules allowed for take downs and ground fighting and did away with rounds, although they did allow for fighters to be stood up by the referee and restarted if there was no action on the ground.

These rules were the first in modern MMA to define fouls, fighting surfaces and the use of the cage. In March , the Iowa Athletic Commission officially sanctioned Battlecade Extreme Fighting under a modified form of its existing rules for Shootfighting.

These rules created the three 5 minute round, one-minute break format, and mandated shootfighting gloves, as well as weight classes, for the first time.

Illegal blows were listed as groin strikes, head butting, biting, eye gouging, hair pulling, striking an opponent with an elbow while the opponent is on the mat, kidney strikes, and striking the back of the head with closed fist.

Holding onto the ring or cage for any reason was defined as a foul. On March 28, , Extreme Fighting 4 was held under these rules, making it the first show conducted under a version of the modern rules.

However, when the legislation was sent to the California capital in Sacramento for review, it was determined that the sport fell outside the jurisdiction of the CSAC, rendering the vote meaningless.

The intent was to allow the NJSACB to observe actual events and gather information to establish a comprehensive set of rules to regulate the sport effectively.

This meeting attempted to unify the myriad rules and regulations which had been utilized by the different mixed martial arts organizations.

At this meeting, the proposed uniform rules were agreed upon by the NJSACB, several other regulatory bodies, numerous promoters of mixed martial arts events and other interested parties in attendance.

At the conclusion of the meeting, all parties in attendance were able to agree upon a uniform set of rules to govern the sport of mixed martial arts.

The motion passed unanimously. Canada formally decriminalized mixed martial arts with a vote on Bill S on June 5, The bill allows for provinces to have the power to create athletic commissions to regulate and sanction professional mixed martial arts bouts.

According to MMA portal Tapology. Since the UFC came to prominence in mainstream media in , and with their merger with Pride FC and purchases of WEC and Strikeforce , no companies have presented significant competition, [58] and the UFC is regarded as having most of the top ranked talent.

Some MMA promotions tend to exist more to build up prospects while others have a good mix of prospects and veterans. Promo Score calculation is based on the strength of Events and Fighters that Promotion has at that time.

Promo Score has three main components:. As of 26 May the top 15 MMA promotions out of 41 ranked in the world are: There are hundreds of MMA training facilities throughout the world.

The rankings are based on a system where a champion earns their gym 25 points, A 1 contender is 15, a 2 contender 10 and then a decrease in ranking equaling a decrease of 1 point until the ranking reaches From there, rankings are each worth 1 point.

Web data traffic ranking leader Alexa Internet lists 40 online media outlets under its "MMA news and media" website category. As of November 13, , the top 10 most popular websites covering the sport are: As a result of an increased number of competitors, organized training camps, information sharing, and modern kinesiology , the understanding of the effectiveness of various strategies has been greatly improved.

UFC commentator Joe Rogan claimed that martial arts evolved more in the ten years following than in the preceding years combined.

The early s saw a wide variety of traditional styles competing in the sport. In the early s, practitioners of grappling based styles such as Brazilian jiu-jitsu dominated competition in the United States.

Practitioners of striking based arts such as boxing , kickboxing , and karate , who were unfamiliar with submission grappling, proved to be unprepared to deal with its submission techniques.

This increase of cross-training resulted in fighters becoming increasingly multidimensional and well-rounded in their skill-sets.

The new hybridization of fighting styles can be seen in the technique of "ground and pound" developed by wrestling-based UFC pioneers such as Dan Severn , Don Frye and Mark Coleman.

These wrestlers realized the need for the incorporation of strikes on the ground as well as on the feet, and incorporated ground striking into their grappling-based styles.

Mark Coleman stated at UFC 14 that his strategy was to "Ground him and pound him", which may be the first televised use of the term.

Since the late s, both strikers and grapplers have been successful at MMA, though it is rare to see any fighter who is not schooled in both striking and grappling arts reach the highest levels of competition.

The greatest MMA fighter of all time is considered by experts, fighters and fans to be either heavyweight Fedor Emelianenko or middleweight Anderson Silva.

Both guys have had truly magical moments in competition against some of the best in the world. The rules for modern mixed martial arts competitions have changed significantly since the early days of vale tudo , Japanese shoot wrestling , and UFC 1 , and even more from the historic style of pankration.

As the knowledge of fighting techniques spread among fighters and spectators, it became clear that the original minimalist rule systems needed to be amended.

The new rules included the introduction of weight classes ; as knowledge about submissions spread, differences in weight had become a significant factor.

Small, open-fingered gloves were introduced to protect fists, reduce the occurrence of cuts and stoppages due to cuts and encourage fighters to use their hands for striking to allow more captivating matches.

Most professional fights have the fighters wear 4 oz gloves, whereas some jurisdictions require amateurs to wear a slightly heavier 6 oz glove for more protection for the hands and wrists.

Time limits were established to avoid long fights with little action where competitors conserved their strength. Matches without time limits also complicated the airing of live events.

The time limits in most professional fights are three 5 minute rounds, and championship fights are normally five 5 minute rounds.

Similar motivations produced the "stand up" rule, where the referee can stand fighters up if it is perceived that both are resting on the ground or not advancing toward a dominant position.

In Japan and most of Europe, there is no regulating authority over competitions, so these organizations have greater freedom in rule development and event structure.

Previously, Japan-based organization Pride Fighting Championships held an opening minute round followed by two five-minute rounds.

Stomps, soccer kicks and knees to the head of a grounded opponent are legal, but elbow strikes to the head are not.

More recently, Singapore-based organization ONE Championship allows soccer kicks and knees to the head of a grounded opponent as well as elbow strikes to the head, but does not allow head stomps.

As MMA rules allow submissions and ground and pound , the fight is stopped to prevent further injury to the fighter. This can occur when a fighter is choked unconscious, or when a bone has been broken in a submission hold a broken arm due to a kimura, etc.

The ring doctor will inspect the fighter and stop the match if the fighter is deemed unable to continue safely, rendering the opponent the winner. However, if the match is stopped as a result of an injury from illegal actions by the opponent, either a disqualification or no contest will be issued instead.

This is normally done when a fighter is being beaten to the point where it is dangerous and unnecessary to continue. In some cases, the fighter may be injured.

Usually occurs between rounds. The judging criteria are organization-specific. Three warnings will result in a disqualification.

Moreover, if a fighter is unable to continue due to a deliberate illegal technique from his opponent, the opponent will be disqualified.

A result can also be overturned to a no contest if the fighter that was originally victorious fails a post fight drug test for banned substances.

In a three-round fight, two rounds must be completed for a technical decision to be awarded and in a five-round fight, three rounds must be completed.

MMA fighters are ranked according to their performance and outcome of their fights and level of competition they faced.

The most popular and used, ranking portals are:. Mixed martial arts promotions typically require that male fighters wear shorts in addition to being barechested , thus precluding the use of gi or fighting kimono to inhibit or assist submission holds.

Male fighters are required by most athletic commissions to wear groin protectors underneath their trunks. Both male and female fighters are required to wear a mouthguard.

The need for flexibility in the legs combined with durability prompted the creation of various fighting shorts brands, which then spawned a range of mixed martial arts clothing and casual wear available to the public.

The fenced area can be round or have at least six sides. Popular disciplines of each type include: Most styles have been adapted from their traditional forms, such as boxing stances, which lack effective counters to leg kicks, the Muay Thai stance, which is poor for defending against takedowns due to its static nature, and Judo or Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu techniques, which must be adapted for No Gi competition.

It is common for a fighter to train with multiple coaches of different styles or an organized fight team to improve various aspects of their game at once.

Some schools advertise their styles as simply "mixed martial arts", which has become a style in itself, but the training will still often be split into different sections.

While mixed martial arts was initially practiced almost exclusively by competitive fighters, this is no longer the case.

As the sport has become more mainstream and more widely taught, it has become accessible to wider range of practitioners of all ages. Proponents of this sort of training argue that it is safe for anyone, of any age, with varying levels of competitiveness and fitness.

Boxing is a combat form that is widely used in MMA and is one of the primary striking bases for many fighters. Muay Thai or Thai boxing and kickboxing , along with boxing, are recognised as a foundation for striking in mixed martial arts, and are both widely practiced and taught.

Although both may seem identical, each has different techniques. Muay Thai originated in Thailand , and is known as the "art of eight limbs", which refers to the use of the legs, knees, elbows and fists.

Techniques cover the long, middle and short range with everything from kicks to clinch holds and throws.

The modern style originated in Japan and is developed from Karate and Muay Thai. Different governing bodies apply different rules, such as allowing the use of elbows, knees, clinching or throws, etc.

Brazilian jiu-jitsu BJJ came to international prominence in the martial arts community in the early s, when BJJ expert Royce Gracie won the first , second and fourth Ultimate Fighting Championships, which at the time were single-elimination martial arts tournaments.

Royce often fought against much larger opponents who practiced other styles, including boxing , wrestling , shoot-fighting , karate and taekwondo.

It has since become a staple art and key component for many MMA fighters. BJJ and jujutsu are largely credited for bringing widespread attention to the importance of ground fighting.

BJJ is primarily a ground-based fighting style that emphasizes joint locks and chokeholds , whereas jujutsu is a method of close combat that utilizes different forms of grappling techniques such as throws , holds and joint locks.

As jujutsu may also involve the use of a short weapon, it cannot be used to its full potential in mixed martial arts. Wrestling including freestyle , Greco-Roman , and American folkstyle gained tremendous respect due to its effectiveness in mixed martial arts competitions.

It is widely studied by mixed martial artists and credited for conferring an emphasis on conditioning for explosive movement and stamina, both of which are critical in competitive mixed martial arts.

It is known for excellent takedowns, particularly against the legs. The term no holds barred was used originally to describe the wrestling method prevalent in catch wrestling tournaments during the late 19th century wherein no wrestling holds were banned from the competition, regardless of how dangerous they might be.

The term was applied to mixed martial arts matches, especially at the advent of the Ultimate Fighting Championship. Karate , especially Kyokushin and other full contact styles, has proven to be effective in the sport as it is one of the core foundations of kickboxing, and specializes in striking techniques.

Several accomplished MMA fighters have an extensive background in taekwondo. In his instructional book, Anderson Silva admitted the influence of taekwondo in the formation of his unique style.

In each of my fights, I tried to utilize techniques from all the various styles I had studied. I threw taekwondo kicks.

I threw Muay Thai knees and elbows, and I used my knowledge of Brazilian jiu-jitsu on the ground. Capoeira has been incorporated into MMA in more recent years and is often used as an addition to Brazilian jiu-jitsu; both originate from Brazil.

Several fighters use this martial art when fighting, although not fully, as music and dancing are major components of the discipline.

It is known for its quick and complex manoeuvres, which use power, speed, and leverage across a wide variety of kicks, spins and techniques. Sambo is a Russian martial art, combat sport and self-defense system.

Sambo focuses on throwing, takedowns, grappling, and includes submissions from Judo and Catch Wrestling. Sambo also has a modality known as Combat Sambo , which adds punches, kicks, elbows and knees, making it a proto-MMA hybrid fighting style.

Sambo is popular in Russia and eastern Europe, where it is taught as a complement to Judo and Wrestling training, Sambo also provides a good base for MMA with all-around skills for combining grappling and striking.

Some notable Sambo fighters that transitioned into MMA include: They can be highly effective in competition due to their mixture of striking and takedowns, achieved through a condensation of traditional Chinese martial arts techniques.

The techniques utilized in mixed martial arts competition generally fall into two categories: Sprawl-and-Brawl is a stand-up fighting tactic that consists of effective stand-up striking, while avoiding ground fighting , typically by using sprawls to defend against takedowns.

This is a form which is heavily practiced in the amateur leagues. These fighters will often study submission wrestling to avoid being forced into submission should they find themselves on the ground.

This style can be deceptively different from traditional kickboxing styles, since sprawl-and-brawlers must adapt their techniques to incorporate takedown and ground fighting defense.

Ground-and-pound is a strategy consisting of taking an opponent to the ground using a takedown or throw, obtaining a top, or dominant grappling position , and then striking the opponent, primarily with fists, hammerfists , and elbows.

Ground-and-pound is also used as a precursor to attempting submission holds. The style is used by fighters well-versed in submission defense and skilled at takedowns.

They take the fight to the ground, maintain a grappling position, and strike until their opponent submits or is knocked out.

Although not a traditional style of striking, the effectiveness and reliability of ground-and-pound has made it a popular tactic.

While most fighters use ground-and-pound statically, by way of holding their opponents down and mauling them with short strikes from the top position, a few fighters manage to utilize it dynamically by striking their opponents while changing positions, thus not allowing their opponents to settle once they take them down.

Cain Velasquez is one of the most devastating ground strikers in MMA and is known for continuing to strike his opponents on the ground while transitioning between positions.

He was striking his opponents on the ground while passing guard , or while his opponents were attempting to recover guard.

In the year , MMA play-by-play commentator Stephen Quadros coined the popular phrase lay and pray. This refers to a situation where a wrestler or grappler keeps another fighter pinned or controlled on the mat to avoid a stand up, yet exhibits little urgency to finish the grounded opponent with a knockout or a submission for the majority or entirety of the fight.

This style is considered by many fans as the most boring style of fighting and is highly criticized for intentionally creating non-action, yet it is effective.

Submission-Seeking is a reference to the strategy of taking an opponent to the ground using a takedown or throw and then applying a submission hold , forcing the opponent to submit.

While grapplers will often work to attain dominant position, some may be more comfortable fighting from other positions. If a grappler finds themselves unable to force a takedown, they may resort to pulling guard , whereby they physically pull their opponent into a dominant position on the ground.

Submissions are an essential part of many disciplines, most notably Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu , catch wrestling , judo , Sambo , and shootwrestling.

Modern proponents of the submission-seeking style, such as Demian Maia and Ronaldo Souza , tend to come from a Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu background.

Especially used by fighters with strong wrestling background when facing a highly skilled grappler, or by wrestlers who prefer stand-up fights.

Usually fighters who adopt this strategy use takedowns only for scoring , allowing the adversary to stand up and continue the fight.

They also want to land clear strikes and control the octagon. In order to win the fight by decision all score oriented fighters have to have strong defensive techniques and avoid takedowns.

Clinch-Fighting is a tactic consisting of using a clinch hold to prevent the opponent from moving away into more distant striking range, while also attempting takedowns and striking the opponent using knees , stomps , elbows , and punches.

The clinch is often utilized by wrestlers and Judokas that have added components of the striking game typically boxing , and Muay Thai fighters. Wrestlers and Judoka may use clinch fighting as a way to neutralize the superior striking skills of a stand-up fighter or to prevent takedowns by a superior ground fighter.

Ronda Rousey , with her Judo background, is considered a master at initiating throws from the clinch to set up armbars. The clinch or "plum" of a Muay Thai fighter is often used to improve the accuracy of knees and elbows by physically controlling the position of the opponent.

Anderson Silva is well known for his devastating Muay Thai clinch. In their rematch Silva repeated this and won again. Randy Couture used his Greco Roman wrestling background to popularize this style en route to six title reigns in the Ultimate Fighting Championship.

In general, fighters who cannot win fights through lightning offense, or are more suited to win fights in the later rounds or via decision are commonly known as grinders.

Prominent examples of grinders are Pat Healy , [] and Chael Sonnen. While mixed martial arts is primarily a male dominated sport, it does have female athletes.

In Japan, female competition has been documented since the mids. Influenced by female professional wrestling and kickboxing , the Smackgirl competition was formed in and became the only major all-female promotion in mixed martial arts.

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